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Interaction is Intervention, but how do we foster it?

Musculoskeletal physiotherapy, including sports physiotherapy, involves both “specific” and “non-specific” effects.  Specific effects are related to the specific intervention provided (e.g. improvements in strength after an exercise programme). “Non-specific” effects […]


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Chronic Stress and Pain: A Rationale for Stress Management Approaches

Although it is widely accepted that chronic stress contributes to the continuation of chronic pain, it is not commonly understood the mechanisms by which stress affects pain. Stress is also a […]


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Beliefs underlying pain-related fear and how they evolve: a qualitative investigation in people with chronic back pain and high pain-related fear

The fear-avoidance model (FAM) proposes that negative pain beliefs leads to fear and avoidance of physical activity which patients see as harmful. This in turns leads to an increase in […]


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Helping people with more disabling low back pain

A few years ago, the Pain-Ed team published a randomised clinical trial showing that our approach can have a significant effect on pain and disability for people with low back […]


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Paracetamol for managing persistent pain

A recent study showed that paracetamol has little or no value in the management of two of the most common forms of persistent pain; spinal pain and osteoarthritis. This prompted the […]